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We are listed on NYU Shanghai’s news page! Below is the article:
Because of the difficulty in measuring absolute mass, the kilogram is the last physical constant that is still defined in terms of a material prototype, in this case a block of an Iridium-Platinum alloy cast in 1875 and stored ever since in France. . This may all be about to change.
NYU Shanghai Prof. Tim Byrnes and Prof. Jonathan P. Dowling from Louisiana State University have developed a novel way of finding the mass of an atom — addressing an age old problem relating to the very definition of mass.
The new method of measuring the mass takes advantage of measuring the quantum properties of ultracold gases with vortices, or whirlpools, in them.
It is currently possible to accurately measure the ratio of the mass of atoms. Using a device called a Penning trap, scientists can very precisely measure how much heavier one atom is in comparison to another. However, a more challenging task of measuring the absolute mass of an atom can be done with only limited precision.
The research by Byrnes and Dowling show that by imaging the position and velocity distribution of an ultracold gas with vortices in them, it is possible to determine the masses of the atoms making up the gas.
The gas needs to be cooled down to extremely low temperatures — one billion times colder than room temperature – such that a new state of matter called a Bose-Einstein condensate is formed. Although this is even colder than deep space, this is now routinely done in many laboratories in the world.
The idea relies on the same basic effect as that seen in the quantum Hall effect, which allows for extremely precise calibration of resistance. In a similar way, the present discovery could lead to a redefinition of the kilogram by measuring the mass of atoms extremely precisely.See it on Shanghai NYU official website
- Le Monde article on Hong-Ou-Mandel experiment September 5, 2019
- Thermal Hong-Ou-Mandel experiment in PRL August 22, 2019
- Quanta magazine podcast interview August 1, 2019
- Science suffers collateral damage as US, China tensions rise July 8, 2019
- USTC collaboration featured in PhysicsWorld May 17, 2019
- Prof. Byrnes Sharing Viewpoints on TTP March 19, 2019
- Tim interviewed by Financial Times March 19, 2019
- Prof. Tim Byrnes Featured in Times Higher Education March 19, 2019
- Work Featured on the Website of NYU-ECNU Institute of Physics November 21, 2018
- Paper Figure Displayed in Phy.Rev.A’s Kaleidoscope November 8, 2018
- NYU Shanghai features our work on quantum clock synchronization August 31, 2018
- Prof. Tim Byrnes Sharing His Idea on Quanta Magazine July 26, 2018
- Professor Byrnes on Money Morning May 14, 2018
- USTC-LSU-Calgary-NYU Collaboration April 22, 2018
- Our work featured in ScienceDaily April 8, 2018
- Professor Byrnes Was Interviewed by Xinhua News March 26, 2018
- Our work featured in Kaleidoscope March 9, 2018
- Our work featured in Physics February 19, 2018
- APS TV interviewed Tim February 15, 2018
- Generalized Grover algorithm paper in PRL February 15, 2018